The history of Prague is one big grandiose story.
The city has witnessed the declaration of independence, Nazi control, oppressive communist and capitalist democracy. And it was only the 20th century! Below is a brief history of Prague and the Czech Republic.
Prague, sometimes referred to as "golden" or "hundred spiers", played an important role in European history since the 9th century
Now the Czech Republic has undergone many political groupings, from the reign of the Habsburgs (16th century) and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, through the establishment of Czechoslovakia in 1918, after the Nazi occupation and the socialist period.
After the Velvet Revolution in 1989 and the election of Vaclav Havel, president of the Czech Republic has undergone considerable economic and political changes, and gradually began to consolidate its position in Europe.
Despite a difficult history of war and occupation of Prague has preserved a large part of its cultural heritage. It remains one of the most dynamic and the most popular tourist destinations of Europe and its visitors each year are witness to more than a thousand years of rich Czech history, culture and traditions.